Unless the EU looks inward and sets out protectionist measures, an economically more viable Europe should lead to an increase in imports. Continued integration of EU Member States through a set of standards and rules could make the export process less complex for outsiders. Between 1959 and 1969, trade within the European Community (EC), the precursor to the European Union (EU), increased by 347%. On the other hand, non-EEC trade increased by only 130%. Over the same period, world trade in the United States increased by 124 per cent, while Canada`s world trade increased by 130 per cent. The value of Spain`s bilateral trade with Portugal increased by more than 79% in the first year of joining the COMMUNITY (1986). During the first ten years of Britain`s accession to the COMMUNITY (1973-1983), the United Kingdom`s exports to other Member States increased by 28% per year, while its imports increased by 24%. Trade with the rest of the world increased by 19 per cent per year during this period. In order to maintain the remaining market share in the country, U.S. apparel manufacturers have increased their participation in production in Mexico and the Caribbean, taking advantage of lower wages and tariff preferences. And under a U.S. free trade agreement, more U.S.-controlled clothing production will move from East Asia to Latin America. In this case, U.S.
textile mills will likely supply Latin American apparel manufacturers who, in turn, will export their products to the United States and abroad. Over time, this flow of products is likely to supplant Asian apparel exports to the United States. This activity directly benefits the U.S. textile industry. Many other U.S. industries will also benefit. Thus, a Latin American free trade agreement will guarantee market share to U.S. companies in many sectors, instead of European and Asian companies.
11. Vicard V. Determinants of successful regional trade agreements. Econ Lett. (2011) 111:188-90. doi: 10.1016/j.econlet.2011.02.010 Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) this was formed in 1967 between the countries of Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand the reasoning was so that they could engage political and encouragement and it helps all keep regional stability.  In the first two decades of the agreement, regional trade increased from about $290 billion in 1993 to more than $1 trillion in 2016. Critics are divided on the net impact on the U.S. economy, but some estimates amount to 15,000 net jobs domestic territory because of the $15,000-a-year deal. These agreements between three or more countries are the most difficult to negotiate.
The larger the number of participants, the more difficult the negotiations. They are, by nature, more complex than bilateral agreements, insofar as each country has its own needs and requirements. The impact of trade agreements on consumers is an area that has recently been somewhat neglected by research. One of the central principles of the international economy is that reducing barriers to trade increases prosperity. Trade agreements between countries reduce trade barriers for imported products and should, in theory, provide consumers with well-being gains through increased diversity, access to higher quality products and lower prices. These occur when one country imposes trade restrictions and no other country responds. A country can also unilaterally relax trade restrictions, but this rarely happens. This would penalize the country with a competitive disadvantage.