The provisions to eliminate dual coverage for workers are similar in all U.S. agreements. Each of them establishes a basic rule regarding the location of the employment of a workforce. Under this basic “territorial rule,” a worker who would otherwise be covered by both the United States and a foreign regime is subject exclusively to the coverage laws of the country in which he or she works. In addition to improving the social security of working workers, international social security agreements help ensure continuity of benefit protection for people who have received social security credits under the U.S. system and another country. China has also signed totalization agreements with France and Serbia, which will only enter into force once the two states parties have completed the necessary internal legal procedures. Incoming workers in these countries may benefit from certain social security exemptions in China, once the corresponding totalization agreements have been effective. The list of countries that have a mutual agreement with the United Kingdom has been updated.
China now has totalization agreements with ten countries in force. Incoming workers who are citizens or who are affected by employers in these countries may be partially exempt from Chinese social security contributions, in accordance with the coverage of the corresponding totalization agreements. Below is a list of the effective dates of the ten conventions and the social security items exempted under each agreement. For migrants subject to reciprocal agreement, contributions to social security authorities in the United Kingdom and the country of origin under the agreement are counted when determining the right to benefits payable by each country. The agreement contains detailed rules for different types of benefits and information on whether a worker is receiving benefits from the UK or his country of origin. Although the agreements with Belgium, France, Germany, Italy and Japan do not use the rule of residence as the main determinant of self-employment coverage, each of them contains a provision guaranteeing that workers are insured and taxed in a single country. For more information on these agreements, click here on our website or in writing to the Social Security Administration (SSA) under the Conclusion section, below.