The chemical industry is an important backbone of various downstream sectors, such as electronics, agriculture, pharmacy, construction, textiles, transportation and energy. It supplies raw materials, raw materials and special chemicals for each of these sectors. Despite a commitment to maximize benefits and minimize the effects of the chemical industry, chemicals and hazardous waste continue to be released in large quantities to the environment. They are ubiquitous in air, water and soil, food and human beings. These strategic objectives can only be achieved if a number of important international environmental agreements are actively supported and properly implemented, both at EU and global level. The Basel Convention on the Control of Cross-Border Movements of Hazardous Waste and Its Disposal was adopted on 22 March 1989 in Basel, Switzerland, and came into force on 5 May 1992. The Basel Convention includes hazardous, explosive, flammable, toxic, infectious, corrosive, toxic or environmentally toxic waste. Appendix I to III lists the categories or waste and characteristics of the convention. Appendix VIII and IX list certain wastes classified as hazardous or non-hazardous. The agreement has 168 contracting parties. Although the United States has not ratified this treaty and is not voting parties, U.S.
representatives attend convention meetings. According to a new report by the United Nations Environment Programme, countries could not meet the internationally agreed target of minimizing the negative effects of chemicals and waste by 2020. The London Convention is a 1972 international treaty that limits the discharge of waste dumped at sea. The United States is one of 81 parties to the agreement. The 1996 Protocol, which came into force in March 2006, is a separate agreement to modernise and update the London Convention. The 1996 protocol, which contains both the precautionary and “polluter pays” principles, aims to protect the marine environment from all sources of pollution. The parties take effective measures to prevent, reduce and, where possible, eliminate pollution from pollution caused by pollution caused by crossing or incineration at sea. The action programme also contains a horizontal priority objective, which aims to help the EU more effectively address international environmental and climate challenges. It recalls that the Union intends to achieve good results in terms of accession to multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) and calls on the EU and its Member States to participate proactively in international negotiations on new and emerging issues.