1916 Congress And Muslim League Agreement

Around the same time, in 1913, Jinnah had finally joined the Muslim League. Remarkably, he continued to be also a member of the Congress to which he had joined in 1906. Highly regarded both in Congress and in Muslim League circles, he was popularly known as “ambassador of Hindu-Muslim unity.” Tilak and Jinnah had already worked together over the previous decade. Therefore, a confluence of India`s two main political currents in 1916 led to Luknov`s historic Pact. The Luknov Pact was a great achievement of Hindu and Muslim leaders who succeeded for the first and only time in proposing a mutually acceptable solution to the Hindu-Muslim problem. It has emerged as a special significance in the history of India. It was the Quaid-e-Azam who had always been a staunch supporter of Hindu-Muslim unity. The programme provided an essential mid-term step towards the establishment of self-management in India, which formed the main core of the jointly funded Luknov Pact system. Congress accepted for the first time the demand for a separate electorate for Muslims. The pact ensured the protection of the political rights of Muslims. The separate status of the Muslim League was also accepted. The pact allowed both sides to make a joint request to the British. The Congress became strong in terms of politics and mass because it had received the support of the Muslim League of All India.

Jinnah and Wazir Khan, the nationalist members of the League, arranged for the annual meetings of the Congress and the League to be held at the same time and place (Bombay, 1915) and arranged a joint meeting between the two sides. At this meeting, the two political organisations agreed to work together on a plan that required self-management and would exert pressure on the British. To this end, they have jointly established committees; The committees meeting in Luknov and Calcutta were preparing a reform programme. Congress and the League approved these reforms at their respective annual meetings in Lucknov in 1916 – these reforms were known as the Congress League Scheme 1916. The Luknov Pact is considered an important event in India`s constitutional political history. It is considered a flood marked by Hindu Muslim unity. It was the first and final pact signed between congress and the Muslim League. That is why the most appropriate way is to remember Lokamanya, the “beloved leader of the people”, to dedicate ourselves again to the revival of the spirit that animated the incredible convergence that allowed two great Indian patriots, Tilak and Jinnah, to Lucknow more than 100 years ago. Jinnah rose as a devoted defender of Hindu Muslim unity and convinced the entire Indian Muslim League to change its policy for the better of India.

Mohammed Ali Jinnah was a member of both Congress and the Muslim League early in his career and was known as a man free of religious prejudices as well as a brilliant lawyer and debater. In 1915, both the Muslim League and the Congress Party had their annual meeting in Bombay, mainly because of his efforts. At the end of this meeting, a committee was created with the intention of sorting out the common understanding between the two communities. The Committee prepared a plan in November 1916. The scheme was approved by both sides in December 1916 at the respective meetings in Luknov. In his presidential speech in Lucknow, Quaid-e-Azam said: “India`s true progress can only be achieved through true understanding and harmonious relations between the two great communities.